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Discussion Starter #1 (Edited)
Ciao, many are unaware that Argentina and a couple of the countries in Latin America had a booming auto industry. This is an indigenous car from Argentina - one of my favorite cars!


"The long forgotten vedette of the Argentinean automotive industry, The "Justicialista", in fact the name is the same as a political party in argentina.

The Justicialista car was born at the (IAME) Mechanical and Aeronautical Government Industry, because Birgadier Juan Ignacio San Martín suggested President Juan Domingo Perón building cars at the (IAME) factory.

IAME was born due to the restrictions in materials and technology imposed on the aeronautical industry by the developed powers, and the producing countries, this harmed production a lot, but the appearance of the engine factory, adn the car factory, gave a solution to the lack of supplies, nobody restricted car makers.

First, the new factory helped sustain the specialized workmen, who had been hired over a period of years, with extreme patience and dedication, also the extra production capabilities of the airplane factory (started in 1927 in Cordoba) were used. The military airplne factory's activities, grew at a slow pace until 1943, at the time the Aerotechnical institute started, it was meant to develop the factory and adopt the revolutionary insights of the time. We have to take into account that in 1927 193 people worked, and in 1943 there were 1113 employees, and 13600 in 1952, the area of the factory, started with 500 square metres, in 1952 was 150000, and the budget of 450.000 pesos ended up raising to 610.000.000. Since 1944 they were building and designing aeroplanes,this had been dropped in 1936.

The first vehicles manufactured by IAME were cars, urban panel trucks with little two stroke engines, clearly inspired ny DKW, these engines were chosen because of their low cost and easy maintenance. To shorten development times, a car and a station wagon (DKW) were imported, and copied part by part.
During this development stage, it was thought that the power of a two cylinder engine would be too little, so the design team deviced an intresting engine, also a two stroke, but with a "U" cylinder, Raul Magallanes, the Chief designer engeneer, adopted this arrangement inspired by the austrian Puch engine, this engine, of a totally local design was a 4 cylinder, two stroke twin combustion chamber 800cc engine it was named M800 and it was built to power the sedans.

The body was built by a designer team from the airplane factory, who got the style from the 1951 Chevrolet. In about a year, the cars were designed, the factory was built (12.800 sq.metres) machinery was installed, the prototypes were built, and finally in 1953 production was started, Pickups, Panel trucks and sedans were dealt by CIPA, in Cordoba Visconti Manzi y Tagle, In Mendoza, Lujan Williams, in Capital Federal Serra Lima, among others.
Of the four models projected the pickups, panel trucks, and sedans were built, until in 1955 all but the sedan were dropped, but the sedan had a different engine now, a 3 cylinder two stroke engione, imported from Germany and made by DKW, it was then when the justicialista sedan was replaced by the DKW Warburg, made under license.
Also the car manufacturer, entered the sport car market with the new technology of fibergalss, ten prototypes were made, the first was a "Barchetta", with a concave rear window.

This prototype was designed and built in 30 days, it had just one door (left side) the body had an area of 11.5 sq.metres, and a thickness of 6 millimetres, weighing 92 kilos, let's take into account that only two countries had built cars in fiberglass, being Argentina the second country to do it, after the U.S.A. (Chevrolet) had just beginned production of the automotive legend. (Corvette)
All the other prototypes had different tails, adopting the shapes of the most famous cars of their time, as for the front end, it resembled an american sports car named "Excalibur", then the Renault "Caravelle" and other sports cars of the time used it.
These cars were all convertibles, all but one had fiberglass removable tops, bu not a single one of them was equipped with ragtop. These cars toured Argentina and at a spring exhibit at the Waldorf Astoria in New york, where on February 12 1954 they won the prize to elegance. All these cars had Porsche engines.

When the body style was decided, ti was a 2+2 coupe hardtop, about 167 were made, util it was dropped after a change in Government.

There was also an experimental prototype made to test rocket engines, it was tested on the track, there was also another used to test a V8 engine, designed by the factory, it was very advanced, and Ambrosio Taravella (the designer) developed a modular engine concept (without cylinder block) which could be assembled into a V4, V6, or V8 engine, the V8 was mounted on the prototype, because being air cooled, it was the most difficult of the engines to mount and cool. These vehicles were never meant to be produced, they were made as rolling test cars, so they had tube frames with fiberglass body panels, but once tested, these engines could not be built, due to the 1955 coup d'etat.

There was also a closed sport coupe, which was the final production prototype, this car was exhibited at the Paris Automotive saloon, and it never returned to Argentina. (a real pitty)
The new authorities, dropped the construction of these units, and the production line was bought by the "Teram" company, which modified the vehicle, moving the engine to the rear, and copied the Porsche front ent (they were Porsche dealers), and called the car "Puntero" (something like "the first one" or "the car in the pole position")."

Kudos to mi amigo Bob for the translation.

If the images loaded corrected, the last photo--the black & white one--is the Puntero.


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